By Olivier Houdé, Daniel Kayser, Olivier Koenig, Joëlle Proust, François Rastier
A translation of the well known French reference booklet, Vocabulaire de sciences cognitives , the Dictionary of Cognitive technology offers complete definitions in additional than a hundred and twenty matters. subject matters diversity from 'Abduction' to 'Writing', and every access is roofed from as many views as attainable in the domain names of psychology, synthetic intelligence, neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics. The editor and his advisory board, each one a consultant in a single of those components, have introduced jointly 60 across the world well-known students to provide the reader a complete realizing of the most up-tp-date and dynamic pondering within the cognitive sciences.
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Additional info for Dictionary of Cognitive Science: Neuroscience, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, Linguistics, and Philosophy
Possible involvement of primary motor cortex in mentally simulated movement: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. NeuroReport , 7 , 1280â 1284. Searle, J. (1983). Intentionality: An essay in the philosophy of mind . New York: Cambridge University Press. , & Smith, L. ). (1994). A dynamic systems approach to the development of cognition and action . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Dictionary of Cognitive Science 39 40 Dictionary of Cognitive Science ACTIVATION/INHIBITION Neuroscience. â Activation refers to a rapid increase in the excitability of the nervous system; inhibition refers to a decrease or slowing down of the systemâ s spontaneous activity.
Amsterdam; New York: North-Holland. Winograd, T. (1983). Language as a cognitive process . Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. , & Flores, F. (1986). Understanding computers and cognition: A new foundation for design . Norwood, NJ: Ablex. Page xxxvi This page intentionally left blank. Page 1 A ABDUCTION 30 Dictionary of Cognitive Science Dictionary of Cognitive Science 31 Artificial intelligence. â According to the philosopher and logician Charles Peirce, abduction is the reasoning process by which we initially limit the number of hypotheses likely to explain a given phenomenon (â EXPLANATION , REASONING AND RATIONALITY ).
The deterioration of intellectual performance with age is accompanied by morphological and metabolic alterations, presumably physiological, whose link to degenerative dementias such as Alzheimerâ s disease still poses many problems. Not only in aging, but also throughout development and in most pathological states of the brain (â NEUROPSYCHOLOGY ), neural network plasticity is achieved through an ongoing renewal process brought about by an equilibrium between cell proliferation and cell death (of glial cells only, since neurons are postmitotic and can therefore only decrease in number) and by the remodeling of the dendritic arborization.