Read e-book online Device applications of silicon nanocrystals and PDF

By L. C. Kimerling, L. Dal Negro, M. Stolfi (auth.), Nobuyoshi Koshida (eds.)

Recent advancements within the know-how of silicon nanocrystals and silicon nanostructures, the place quantum-size results are very important, are systematically defined together with examples of equipment functions. as a result of the robust quantum confinement influence, the cloth houses are free of the standard oblique- or direct-bandgap regime, and the optical, electric, thermal, and chemical houses of those nanocrystalline and nanostructured semiconductors are enormously replaced from these of bulk silicon. as well as effective noticeable luminescence, quite a few different precious fabric features are brought on in nanocrystalline silicon and periodic silicon nanostructures. a few novel units and purposes, in fields comparable to photonics (electroluminescence diode, microcavity, and waveguide), electronics (single-electron machine, spin transistor, nonvolatile reminiscence, and ballistic electron emitter), acoustics, and biology, were constructed by means of those quantum-induced features in methods diversified from the normal scaling precept for ULSI.

Key Features:

  • Offers the 1st complete remedy of contemporary advances in quantum-sized silicon machine know-how
  • Presents systematic and brilliant descriptions from a technological standpoint, supplying a pragmatic viewpoint on approaching silicon gadget suggestions within the post-scaling period
  • Shows how silicon nanocrystal expertise is prime to the way forward for silicon electronics, optoelectronics, and photonics
  • Reviews optimum recommendations for constructing the subsequent new release of units for microelectronics, photonics, acoustics, and biology

Show description

Read or Download Device applications of silicon nanocrystals and nanostructures PDF

Best nanostructures books

New PDF release: Finite Element Procedures for Contact-Impact Problems

The answer of contact-impact difficulties, as soon as computationally tricky, has been made more uncomplicated and extra exact with the finite point process. This new publication explains finite-element methods for fixing either static and dynamic contact-impact difficulties. It presents entire discussions at the formula, linearization, and discretization of such difficulties.

Nanoscience with Liquid Crystals: From Self-Organized - download pdf or read online

This e-book specializes in the intriguing subject of nanoscience with liquid crystals: from self-organized nanostructures to functions. The dependent self-organized liquid crystalline nanostructures, the synergetic features of liquid crystals and nanoparticles, liquid crystalline nanomaterials, synthesis of nanomaterials utilizing liquid crystals as templates, nanoconfinement and nanoparticles of liquid crystals are lined and mentioned, and the chance of fabricating sensible fabrics is highlighted.

New PDF release: Encapsulations. Nanotechnology in the Agri-Food Industry

Encapsulations, a quantity within the Nanotechnology within the Agri-Food series,presents key components in developing meals caliber throughout the development of nutrition style and aroma. the main merits of nanoencapsulation for foodstuff components comprise development in bioavailability of style and aroma constituents, development in solubility of bad water-soluble materials, better aspect retention in the course of creation approach, greater task degrees of encapsulated materials, more desirable shelf existence, and regulated unencumber of taste and aroma.

Extra resources for Device applications of silicon nanocrystals and nanostructures

Example text

Mishra and K. P. Jain, Phys. Rev. , 64(7), 073304 (2001). 52. E. W. Draeger, J. C. Grossman, A. J. Williamson and G. Galli, Phys. Rev. , 90(16), 167402 (2003). 53. G. Ledoux, O. Guillois, D. Porterat, C. Reynaud, F. Huisken, B. Kohn and V. Paillard, Phys. Rev. B, 62(23), 15942 (2000). 54. G. Franzò, F. Iacona, C. Spinella, S. Cammarata and M. Grazia Gimaldi, Mater. Sci. Eng. B, 69–70, 454 (2000). 55. J. Linnros, N. Lalic, A. Galeckas and V. Grivickas, J. Appl. , 86(11), 6128 (1999). 56. F. Priolo, G.

05 1997 1999 [36] [14] D and L mean that anodization has been conducted in the dark and under illumination, respectively. 05% was obtained [36]. Operating voltages for EL visible in daylight are rather high, usually greater than 10 V. It is worth noting that blue EL has been demonstrated [14] using an as-formed PS layer formed from p-type Si, with a gold top contact. PS was thinned by using photochemical etching in HF. The efficiency of this device was very low and much work is needed to reach the same level of efficiency as for red-orange emitting devices.

Adapted from [82]. As already discussed in Sect. 6, the technique of HWA is a new technique that provides very stable PL [2, 3] and EL [63]. It is a very promising low temperature process. 10. Microcavities Making a microcavity by inserting a luminescent PS layer between two reflective media offers three main advantages. First, a significant PL line narrowing is achievable in this way [83]. Second, high luminescence directionality can be achieved [83, 84]. Finally, although not experimentally demonstrated yet, a reduction of the EL response time is potentially possible by using PS in a microcavity [83] since the PL lifetime may be reduced in this way.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.95 of 5 – based on 19 votes