Derrida and Husserl: The Basic Problem of Phenomenology - download pdf or read online

By Leonard Lawlor

Leonard Lawlor investigates Derrida's writings on Husserl which will be certain Derrida's transformation of the elemental challenge of phenomenology from genesis to language. to take action, he lays out a story of the interval within which Derrida dedicated himself to formulating and interpretation of Husserl, from nearly 1954 to 1967. at the foundation of the narrative, convinced popular Derridean recommendations are decided (in relation basically to Husserl's phenomenology): deconstruction, the metaphysics of presence, distinction (and Derrida's preliminary inspiration of dialectic), the hint, and spectrality. what's the nature of the connection of Jacques Derrida and deconstruction to Edmund Husserl and phenomenology? Is deconstruction a thorough departure from phenomenology or does it hint its origins to the phenomenological undertaking? In Derrida and Husserl, Leonard Lawlor illuminates Husserl's impact at the French philosophical culture which impressed Derrida's idea. starting with Eugen Fink's pivotal essay on Husserl's philosophy, Lawlor conscientiously reconstructs the conceptual context during which Derrida constructed his interpretation of Husserl. Lawlor's investigations of the paintings of Jean Cavaillos, Tran-Duc-Thao, Jean Hyppolite, in addition to fresh texts by means of Derrida, display the intensity of Derrida's courting to Husserl's phenomenology. alongside the way in which, Lawlor revisits and sheds mild at the beginning of many vital Derridean options, equivalent to deconstruction, the metaphysics of presence, distinction, intentionality, the hint, and spectrality. environment the tone and path for brand new ways to Derrida, this groundbreaking paintings may be crucial analyzing for a person attracted to phenomenology, French philosophy, and the catalysts of Derrida's certain pondering.

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Phenomenology, therefore, does not abdicate itself for the bene¤t of a classical metaphysical speculation, “which on the contrary,” Derrida says, “would have to recognize in phenomenology the clari¤ed energy of its own intentions” (ED 249/166). But it is still the case, for Derrida, that genesis over®ows phenomenological evidence. This over®owing occurs with the “presence,” as Derrida says, of “Telos or Vorhaben” (ED 250/167). According to Derrida, Telos “is indicated every time that Husserl speaks of an Idea in the Kantian sense” (ED 250/167, Derrida’s emphasis).

7 Just as the noema is an opening within the structure of consciousness, so is, according to Derrida, the hyletic pole. 8 As reell, the hyle is ideal not real; it participates in consciousness. Nevertheless, as non-intentional, it is not the same as consciousness and does not belong to consciousness. It comes from the outside, and precedes conscious constitution; it is something which consciousness receives passively. In Ideas I, Husserl himself admits that he cannot develop the issue, temporal constitution, which would be able to resolve the mysterious status of the hyle.

4 Derrida’s question is: “What is the re-elevation [relève] of man in the thought of Hegel, Husserl, and Heidegger” (MP 142/119)? As we claimed above, in “The Ends of Man,” Heidegger’s ontology holds center stage. Nevertheless, Derrida devotes one section to Hegel and Husserl (with, as we just mentioned, Husserl receiving about a page of discussion). Derrida examines Hegel and Husserl together because the topic of this section—called “La Fin—Proche de l’Homme”—is phenomenology, “the thought of the phainesthai” (MP 112/145, my emphasis).

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