By C.E. Prowse
In distinction to the development of long-standing occidental highway gangs modelled within the North American paradigm, new-age gangs have seemed as loosely geared up, with a excessive measure of interchangeability in their club. linked to this structural fluidity is an both major geographic mobility, which ironically doesn't seem to reduce the depth of private bonds shaped inside of and among ‘new-age’ gangs. the size of fluidity of gang club and geographic mobility throughout police jurisdictions is more and more noticeable because the organizational development of rising gangs, largely formed through world wide styles of human migration and globalization. whereas the constitution of new-age gangs appears to be like as loose-knit, what needs to be emphasised is this attribute is reflective of a legal community of financial commodity-based ‘turf’ in place of a close-knit geographically anchored ‘turf’ that has characterised the existing North American (occidental) gang version. This quantity illuminates the constitution and association of more and more emergent, fluid and cellular, new-age gangs in the context of transnational networks. the consequences for legislation enforcement organisations is two-fold: i) the fluidity of new-age gang gamers demanding situations investigative strategies that stay predicated on suspect reputation via modus operandi repetition by way of these concerned, and; ii) the flow of new-age gang gamers throughout police jurisdictions demanding situations the sharing of police info. This leading edge paintings can be of curiosity to researchers in Criminology and legal Justice, in addition to comparable disciplines together with Sociology and Anthropology learning gangs and group-organization. It has robust implications for practitioners and pros operating in legislation enforcement, public coverage, or with at-risk youth/young adults.
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Extra resources for Defining Street Gangs in the 21st Century: Fluid, Mobile, and Transnational Networks
While new-age gang players frequently used the word ‘‘loyalty’’ to describe their involvement in gang activity, there exists an incongruity between what they describe to outsiders as ‘‘loyalty’’, and what is generally understood by the term. To understand the usage of the word as applied to participation in new-age street gangs, it should be interpreted only as a tie between the gang players involved and financial gain. Like power, loyalty is not inherent in a particular individual’s personage, but rather, is an allegiance which exists as long as it remains financially viable.
If I’m your follower, the only reason I follow you is because you can offer me money. If someone else offers me more, I will follow them because my loyalty is to make money. Everyone is out to make money and cooperation is good as long as that co-operation is profitable. Although gang players are drawn from the gang leader’s personal network of relations, it is necessary to understand that gang leaders activate players preferentially. In so doing, there are potential players wanting to make money that are not activated, which leaves them free to respond to other network links that they too possess and that in turn, carry the potential to provide them with an alternative opportunity to make money.
The loose-knit network exhibited by the street gang allows a leader to control the mobilization of his gang by controlling the information flow. The ‘‘spoked’’ communication pattern provides the street gang leader with the opportunity to exclude previous gang players or activate alternate players possessing special expertise. This pattern of communication also ensures that if any of the street gang players are intercepted or arrested, their knowledge of the gang’s operations would be limited to what they had been told by the leader, and moreover their ability to impede the mobilization of the gang by interrupting the flow of information is rendered remote.