Download PDF by Hakan Ringbom: Cross-linguistic Similarity in Foreign Language Learning

By Hakan Ringbom

This booklet explores the significance of cross-linguistic similarity in international language studying. Similarities will be perceived within the type of simplified one-to-one relationships or only assumed. The e-book outlines the various roles of L1 move on comprehension and on creation, and on shut and far-off objective languages.

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Additional info for Cross-linguistic Similarity in Foreign Language Learning (Second Language Acquisition)

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Clark, 1993: 251) L2 Comprehension and L2 Production Compared with what has been done in L1-acquisition research, SLA research is narrower in scope. In general, L1-research has been conducted along three different lines: language comprehension, language production and language development. Of these, language production has been the most extensively studied area in SLA research, so much so that learning for production, especially learning grammar, has often at least implicitly been identified with SLA generally.

Then the resulting choice of words and constructions shows that the learner’s assumptions about the L2 are unfounded. In such a situation the state of ignorance may have provoked ‘a desperate casting about for lexical straws to clutch at’ (Singleton & Little, 1991: 63). But for comprehension and for the production of psychotypologically close languages, where there is constant interaction between perceived and assumed cross-linguistic similarities, the concept of ignorance is hardly helpful. It is a truism that if a learner produces an unacceptable word or construction of any kind, some degree of ignorance lies behind it.

Though inter-Nordic business is often conducted in English rather than Swedish, Swedish is a more natural language for informal contacts. Finnish is a language hardly known at all in Sweden, although a substantial number of immigrants from Finland and their children keep up Finnish/Swedish bilingualism. Characteristics of Swedish and Finnish While Swedish is a Germanic language with a vocabulary and structure very close to Norwegian and Danish, and fairly close to German, Finnish is a Fenno-Ugric language wholly unrelated to the Indo-European language family.

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