By Franklin E. Zimring
In Crime isn't the Problem, Franklin Zimring and Gordon Hawkins revolutionize the best way we expect approximately crime and violence--by forcing us to differentiate between crime and violence. The authors exhibit that in comparison to different industrialized international locations, in so much different types of nonviolent crime, American crime premiums are comparable--even reduce, often times. simply by way of deadly violence does the us outpace different Western countries, with murder premiums many, repeatedly better. London and ny urban have approximately an analogous variety of robberies and burglaries every year, yet robbers and burglars kill fifty four sufferers in big apple for each sufferer demise in London.
Why are the dangers quite a bit larger that sufferers might be killed or maimed within the usa? And what will be performed to deliver the dying cost from American violence all the way down to tolerable degrees? The authors express how the influence of tv and film violence on charges of murder is wildly puffed up, yet emphasize the paramount significance of guns.
By making the the most important contrast among deadly violence and crime as a rule, the authors transparent the floor for a distinctive, way more powerful reaction to the true problem in American society. Crime isn't the Problem will reshape the talk approximately crime keep watch over within the United States.
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Additional resources for Crime Is Not the Problem: Lethal Violence in America (Studies in Crime and Public Policy)
Both the positive and negative correlations between crime and homicide are probably artifacts of expanding crime rates over time. So, the postwar experience of the United States does not provide definitive evidence of the linkage over time between crime and lethal violence. Two separate postwar time periods provide a sharp contrast in the crime-violence relationship and the best reading of both periods is that crime tends to expand over time while lethal violence had a downtrend in the first period and an uptrend in the second.
Using the estimated rates from the United Nations survey in England generates an assault-to-homicide ratio in that range. Specific Comparisons It is a small consolation that official statistics are a more reliable measure of lethal violence than victim surveys. It is by no means the equivalent of meeting the minimum threshold of scientific acceptability. Using homicide statistics to show the very different ratios of assaults to homicides alerts us to the problem that assault statistics from different countries are not comparable.
Source: van Dijk and Mayhew l992. The robbery data contain another surprise. Despite the sharp difference in robbery rate between Los Angeles and Sydney that we noted in Chapter 1, the victim survey shows the United States and Australia to be similar in reported robbery victimization. On this measure, robbery victimization in the United States is not far removed from the rate reported for a number of European and Scandinavian countries. The United Nations survey results for assault are even more surprising than the robbery findings.