By John Gibbons
Code-mixing is a quick constructing niche for these enthusiastic about bilingualism, sociolinguistics and utilized linguistics. simply because the language phenomena produced firstly through touch among teams who didn't proportion a language - pidginization and creolization - have proved to be revealing within the learn of moment language improvement and language universals, so additionally the exam of the blending of 2 or extra languages inside of bilingual groups is starting to throw gentle on a number of very important concerns. during this ebook John Gibbons makes use of various diverse ways to code-mixing and code selection, evaluates them and makes an attempt to combine them in a composite mode of code selection. The examine is found within the interesting bilingual neighborhood of Hong Kong.
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Additional info for Code Mixing and Code Choice: A Hong Kong Case Study (Multilingual Matters)
Is an extremely common MIX term with many occurrences on tape: there are no cases of a change to [ ], despite the ] discussed above. These cases might be regarded as essentially phonotactic. No examples of the systematic case of [ retention of English vowels other than this type were found. Let us now see how these four processes are manifested in MIX consonants. < previous page page_47 next page > < previous page page_48 next page > Page 48 Single Initial Consonants Substitution When listening to recordings of student speech one perceives fairly soon that sets of English initial voiced consonants are / are consistently replaced by similar sets of Cantonese unaspirated consonants; so in well assimilated words initial / replaced by Cantonese unaspirated /p t k ts/ respectively.
We have examples where /r/, /l/ are retained, where they are lost, and in the case of "matric" a continuum from retention to replacement plus deletion. This represents fairly adequately the situation with regard to this type of cluster: namely a situation of unstable flux. < previous page page_50 next page > < previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Systematic Retention It can be seen in the following examples that syllable initial English /st/ is not simplified: Many other cases were found on tape; sufficient to say that this is regular behaviour.
Notes to Chapter 2 1. I should like to thank Paula Fleming. Wong Hok Chun and Yip Koon Hung for this service. 2. I should like to express my gratitude to Dr Collett of the Centre for Applied Statistics, University of Reading, without whose help this part of the research would have been impossible. < previous page page_41 next page > < previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 3 A Description of Salient Linguistic Characteristics of "MIX" Introduction This chapter is an attempt to characterize MIX for two purposes.