By Andrew D Duckworth
A brand new ebook within the highly-regarded Churchill's Pocketbook sequence masking the necessities of orthopaedics, trauma and rheumatology appropriate for clinical scholars and starting place medical professionals.
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Extra info for Churchill’s Pocketbook of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rheumatology
Erector spinae, quadratus lumborum, psoas major). e. scoliosis. 22 Muscles of the back. The erector spinae muscles are involved in spinal flexion and extension, as well as lateral flexion. The transversospinalis muscles are involved in spinal extension and rotation. The intertransversarii and interspinales muscles are involved in spinal extension and lateral flexion. g. g. g. g. internal iliac or sacral arteries. 1 The algorithm for history (A) and examination (B) of the musculoskeletal system.
The femoral triangle contains the femoral nerve, artery, vein and canal (the latter three encompassed within the femoral sheath), as well as the deep inguinal lymph nodes. The borders of the triangle are the inguinal ligament (superiorly), the adductor longus muscle (medially) and the sartorius muscle (laterally). 16, cont’d the pectineal ligament (posteriorly) and the femoral vein (laterally). The adductor canal contains the femoral artery and vein, along with the saphenous nerve. The borders are sartorius (anteriomedially), vastus medialis (anterolaterally) and adductor longus and magnus (posteriorly/floor).
9) — gastrocnemius and plantaris provide minor contributions to knee flexion. The intrinsic muscles of the foot are divided into four layers. 9). 8 The muscles, with their innervations, which provide movement at the ankle joint and foot (eversion and inversion) Movement Muscle Origin Insertion Nerve Dorsiflexion Extensor hallucis longus (A) Fibula and interosseous membrane Tibia and interosseous membrane Fibula and interosseous membrane Tibia and interosseous membrane Big toe, distal phalanx Deep peroneal Middle/distal phalanx (lateral 4 toes) 5th MT base Deep peroneal 1st MT base, medial cuneiform Deep peroneal 1st MT, medial cuneiform 5th MT Calcaneum Calcaneum (via AT) Calcaneum (via AT) Superficial peroneal Superficial peroneal Tibial Tibial Tibial Flexor digitorum longus (PD) Fibula Fibula Lateral supracondyle of femur Posterior condyles of femur Fibula and medial border of tibia Posterior aspect of tibia Tibial Flexor hallucis longus (PD) Tibialis posterior (PD) Posterior aspect of fibula Tibia and fibula Distal phalanges (lateral 4 toes) Distal phalanx of big toe Navicular, medial cuneiform Eversion Peroneus tertius (A) Peroneus longus (L) Peroneus brevis (L) Anterior aspect of fibula Fibula Fibula 5th MT base 1st MT, medial cuneiform 5th MT Deep peroneal Superficial peroneal Superficial peroneal Inversion Tibialis anterior (A) Tibia and interosseous membrane Tibia and fibula 1st MT base, medial cuneiform Navicular, medial cuneiform Deep peroneal Extensor digitorum longus (A) Peroneus tertius (A) Tibialis anterior (A) Plantarflexion Peroneus longus (L) Peroneus brevis (L) Plantaris (PS) Gastrocnemius (PS) Soleus (PS) Tibial Tibial Tibial 39 A, anterior compartment of leg; AT, Achilles’ tendon; D deep; L, lateral compartment of leg; MT, metatarsal; P, posterior compartment of leg; S, superficial.