By A. Gedeon Matoltsy, Jürgen Bereiter-Hahn (auth.), Prof. Dr. Jürgen Bereiter-Hahn, Prof. Dr. A. Gedeon Matoltsy, Dr. K. Sylvia Richards (eds.)
The integument performs a tremendous position within the survival of meta zoans via setting apart and maintaining them from a opposed environ ment. Its functionality levels from safeguard opposed to damage and in fection, participation within the legislation of physique temperature and water stability, to breathing task, tracking of the environ ment and construction of indications on the topic of behaviour. some of these end result from particular structural, biochemical and physiological homes of intra-and extracellular parts of the integu ment. therefore its characterization might be most sensible comprehensive through a multidisciplinary technique with authors really good in numerous fields of technological know-how. This multi-author e-book, in volumes, offers an up-to date survey of the literature. the 1st quantity bargains with the integument of invertebrates, the second one with that of vertebrates, either prepared totally on a phylum foundation. because the point of information at the integument of phyla differs significantly, the knowledge supplied is correspondingly both restricted or con densed. For the various smaller teams of invertebrates little details is obtainable, as usually just a couple of electron micrographs are to be present in the literature ; nevertheless, from the big physique of information current for vertebrates, quite for mammals, no entire review might be supplied, yet publica tions giving entry to additional info were reviewed critically.
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Additional info for Biology of the Integument: 2 Vertebrates
The vacuole in eels shows some resemblance to that of a sacciform cell (Fig. 29) but the secretion is collected in Golgi-derived vesicles. Club cells also have a characteristic peripheral morphology of flattened processes interdigitating with epithelial cells (Fig. 17). There is some indication that polyribosomes are directly involved in formation of the helical filaments. Juvenile club cells have radiating tracts of ribosomes across the cytoplasm, which were confused with a patent secretion in some early studies.
9) but lacks secretory elements. It appears that'cell turnover in the vicinity of a breeding tubercle is increased, providing opportunity to observe shedding cells, otherwise a rare event (Fig. 16). Occasionally there are modifications of the middle layer of the epidermis. Mormyrids and gymnotids have a zone of 10 to 30 layers of flattened cells, with a few tiers of rounded epithelial ceHs above and below. The flat ceHs form an insulating layer, interrupted by the canals of ampullary organs and the cellular plugs of tuberous organs which offer pathways of electrical conduction (Harder 1971; Szamier and Wachtel 1970; Srivastava and Szabo 1974).
1975). Another environmental hazard is extreme acidity or alkalinity. Even the acidresistant Ictalurus nebulosus proliferates go bIet cells in water of pH 6 (Zuchelkowski et al. 1981). 5 although hatcheryreared salmonids tolerate pH 5 (Fromm 1980). 0, but excess mucus production is induced in the gills beyond a narrower range (Daye and Garside 1976). 3 Luminescent Organs Photophores, whether of the bacterial or innervated type, are epidermal derivatives. For their structure, see Bertin (1958). Most recent work has been concerned with the function and physiology, reviewed by Herring (1982), see also Anctil et al.