By Sally J. Wadsworth, Robin P. Corley, John C. DeFries (auth.), Deborah Finkel, Chandra A. Reynolds (eds.)
Along with psychopathology, cognition has been one of many basic phenotypic focal issues of the sector of habit genetics due to the fact that its inception. Francis Galton’s 1874 exam of eminent households in Britain was once one of the earliest makes an attempt to enquire no matter if cognitive achievements run in households. This quantity provides present methodologies for realizing cognitive skills that circulation past the superseded nature vs. nurture paradigm. contemporary advances in either assortment and statistical modeling of dual information, really longitudinal dual info, make this a particularly helpful second to provide a piece that offers a set of the groundbreaking learn on cognitive talents around the lifespan. This quantity offers an summary of the present kingdom of quantitative and molecular genetic investigations into the numerous points of cognitive functionality and functioning around the lifespan.
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Additional info for Behavior Genetics of Cognition Across the Lifespan
The extended twin and sibling model afforded powerful tests of differences in the sources of variance influencing Full-Scale IQ (FSIQ), VIQ, and PIQ at different ages as well as an examination of the causes of stability and change in VIQ and PIQ. 72, respectively, in adolescence. As heritability increased, shared environmental influence decreased for FSIQ and VIQ; however, for PIQ, shared environment was not a significant factor at either age. Stability in FSIQ and VIQ was found to be due to genetic and shared-environmental influences, as evidenced by the genetic and shared environmental correlations both of which approached unity.
Wright, M. , Martin, N. , Martin, N. , Boomsma, D. , et al. (2009a). A twin study of the genetics of high cognitive ability selected from 11,000 twin pairs in six studies from four countries. Behavior Genetics, 39(4), 359–370. 1007/s10519009-9262-3 Haworth, C. M. , Dale, P. , & Plomin, R. (2009b). Generalist genes and high cognitive ability. Behavior Genetics, 39, 437–445. Haworth, C. , Wright, M. , Martin, N. , de Geus, E. , van Beijsterveldt, C. , et al. (2010). The heritability of general cognitive ability increases linearly from childhood to young adulthood.
Bergmann, S. (2011). Novel method to estimate the phenotypic variation explained by genome-wide association studies reveals large fraction of the missing heritability. Genet Epidemiol, 35(5), 341–349. 20582 Light, J. , & DeFries, J. C. (1995). Comorbidity of reading and mathematics disabilities: genetic and environmental etiologies. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 28(2), 96–106. Loehlin, J. , & Nichols, R. C. (1976). Heredity, environment, and personality: A study of 850 sets of twins. Austin: University of Texas Press.