By Martin Heidegger
Martin Heidegger’s studying of Aristotle was once one of many pivotal impacts within the improvement of his philosophy. First released in German in 1981 as quantity 33 of Heidegger's gathered Works, this booklet interprets a lecture direction he offered on the college of Freiburg in 1931. Heidegger's cautious translation and his probing remark at the first 3 chapters of booklet IX of Metaphysics exhibit the shut correlation among his phenomenological interpretation of the Greeks (especially of Aristotle) and his critique of metaphysics. also, Heidegger's war of words with Aristotle's Greek textual content makes an important contribution to modern scholarship on Aristotle, really the knowledge of potentiality in Aristotle's inspiration. ultimately, the publication exemplifies Heidegger's present for educating scholars tips on how to learn a philosophical textual content and the way to question that textual content in a philosophical way.
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Additional resources for Aristotle's Metaphysics Θ 1–3: On the Essence and Actuality of Force (Studies in Continental Thought)
Is it only an initial approach that subsequently comes to a standstill? Being and beings-still to make a distinction here or even to want to raise a question, is this not unwarranted, futile quibbling? Beings and ways of being we know; they delight and distress us, they cause us no end of anguish and disappointment; and, of course, we are beings ourselves. Let us stick to beings. What use is being? Is the situation concerning the question of being somewhat as Nietzsche suggests (in his early period) when he says of Parmenides: Once in his life Parrnenides, probably when he was very old, had a moment of the purest, completely bloodless abstraction undisturbed by any reality; this moment-un-Greek as no other in the two centuries of the Tragic Age-whose offspring is the doctrine of being-became the boundary-stone for his own life.
It compels the one to make itself felt in the~ manifold as worthy of question. Those who believe that Aristotle I merely added other meanings onto a meaning of being are clinging to appearances. 6v as & comes into sharp focus here for the first time. Of course. it required first a decisive step over and against Pannenides. Plato undertook this, although admittedly at a time when the young Aristotle was already philosophizing with him. and this always means against him. Plato attained the insight that non-being, the false, the evil, the transitory- 1 hence unbeing-also is.
We have evidently already gotten to know it. We need now only read with a more refined understanding the first sentences from 0 1. from which our entire introductory considerations have arisen. We translated it at that time conservatively: "[We have dealt with] beings in the primary sense .... " Now we can translate it in the following way: "We have dealt with the sustaining and leading fundamental meaningof being. hat is. " The first category is the sustaining and guiding fundamental meaning of being and as such the 1Cotv6v.