By R.E. Hester, R.M. Harrison
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Additional resources for AIR POLLUTION & HEALTH
G. Ayres patients with coronary heart disease may have unsuspected pre-existing severe disease and perhaps at a young age and it is possible that, in this group of patients, death may be brought forward by as much as years. This applies when considering the effect of any pollutant on mortality. Summary In challenge studies, SO has a clear effect on airway function, particularly in patients with asthma. While it was believed for many years that this gas was no longer an important pollutant with respect to health effects because of the marked reductions in ambient levels produced by Clean Air Act legislation throughout the world, recent evidence, particularly from Europe, has shown that SO impacts on people with pre-existing disease, particularly respiratory disease.
Ostro, M. Lipsett, J. , Am. J. Respir. Crit. , 1994, 149, A658. D. V. Bates and R. Sizto, Environ. , 1987, 43, 317. J. D. Poloniecki, R. W. Atkinson, A. , Occup. Environ. , 1997, 54, 535. 19 job:LAY01 21-9-1998 page:20 colour:1 black–text J. G. 4% for all cause, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality, respectively. These findings were independent of the effects of other pollutants but might appear to be difficult to square with the lack of effect seen for hospital admissions. The reasons for this difference are not as yet understood.
Rev. Respir. , 1989, 139, 56. job:LAY01 21-9-1998 page:19 colour:1 black–text Health Effects of Gaseous Air Pollutants Figure 4 Distribution of changes in FVC (mL ppb\ ozone change) in children limited. As far as symptoms are concerned, some studies have demonstrated more marked changes in symptoms than in lung function, some showing a dose—response relationship. Hospital Admissions The first indication that ozone might have an impact on hospital admissions came from studies in Canada, where it was more the acidic component of the summer pollutants that appeared to be correlated to hospital admissions for asthma rather than ozone itself.