Download PDF by Xiaogang Chen: Advances in 3D textiles

By Xiaogang Chen

Advances in 3D Textiles offers the latest advances within the construction of 3-dimensional fibrous constructions and the way their use has led to the construction of novel materials and functions. The textual content covers quite a lot of textile forms, together with their constructions, homes, and makes use of within the textiles undefined.

Beginning with many of the varieties of woven third-dimensional materials, the textual content then examines three-D knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the most functions and makes use of of 3-dimensional textiles.

  • Presents the latest advances within the creation of third-dimensional fibrous buildings and the way their use has ended in the construction of novel materials and applications
  • Examines many varieties of three-D textiles, together with knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the most makes use of of three-d textiles
  • Covers their constructions, homes, and makes use of in the textiles industry

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From left to right: yarn paths; black yarn path following horn gears; horn gears. From Hamada (2012). Developments by Professor Hamada (2012) at Kyoto University have been commercialised. 4(a) shows Hamada’s structure of a tubular braid with binder yarns going through several layers of thickness. 4(b) illustrates yarn paths and horn gears for an I-beam. Braided structures show great versatility in the forms that can be made. However, the process has a limitation. It is necessary to move yarn packages around one another.

10(a). , 2006) developed a continuous route to making 3D nonwoven shapes. 10(b)). 10(c), consists of feeding fibres in an air stream onto a perforated mould. The preform is then transferred to an oven for thermal bonding. 10(d)). A very complex 3D structure results from the electrospinning of nanofibres (Reneker, 2009). 11(b)). 6 Stitched and embroidered Stitching two layers of fabric together in interlocked 3D loops is an old technique, long used to make 3D garments but adaptable to technical products.

3 Advances in 3D Textiles Specialist and volume production For aerospace applications, the cost of composite components is not a dominant factor. If weight can be reduced by the use of high-performance fibres, the savings in passenger and freight capacity and in fuel costs outweigh the material cost. For other reasons, cost is not a concern for other specialist products, such as, for example, rackets used by the top tennis players or Formula 1 cars. For the specialist producer, the main need is the ability to make products to the highest standards in relation to the demands put on the preform in its incorporation into the composite and in the subsequent use of the product.

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