By Conrad G. Brunk, Harold Coward
Smooth biotechnology has passed technological know-how fiction with such feats as placing fish genes in tomatoes to create a extra cold-resistant crop. whereas the environmental and well-being matters over such genetically transformed meals were the topic of public debate, spiritual and non secular viewpoints were given brief shrift. This booklet seeks to appreciate the ethical and non secular attitudes of teams inside of pluralistic societies whose traditions and ideology increase for them special questions on nutrition and nutritional perform. What questions are there for kosher Jews, halal Muslims, and vegetarian Hindus approximately foodstuff items containing transgenes from prohibited assets? How do those meals effect the cultural practices and religious teachings of indigenous peoples? matters from the above traditions in addition to Christianity, Buddhism, chinese language faith, and moral vegetarianism are incorporated. participants examine the moral context of every culture and in addition comprise info from concentration teams. This enlightening paintings concludes with concepts for the labeling of genetically converted meals.
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Extra resources for Acceptable Genes?: Religious Traditions and Genetically Modified Foods
Referred to as the “independent assortment of genes,” this trick of nature is meant to result in generating as much variation as possible for the prospect of producing the best candidate for selection into future generations in response to the selection pressures that might prevail. Keeping a trait intact is by definition, therefore, not guaranteed, as the “independent assortment” of the alleles that contributed to the desired trait in the one individual will likely segregate over time and across successive generations necessitating a constant monitoring in breeding programs (a selection pressure often called “artificial selection”).
The German philosopher Hans Jonas is generally credited with first recognizing the need for an ethical approach to anticipating and evaluating technology. He Ethical Perspectives on Food Biotechnology 41 argued that technological ethics must integrate science-based attempts to understand the systematic and temporally distant effects of technology with ethical concepts attuned to the fact that many of the people who will be affected by technology will not be known to those who plan and execute a technological practice.
E. Tabashnik, “Contamination of Refuges by Bacillus thuringiensis Toxin Genes from Transgenic Maize,” PNAS 101, no. 20 (May 18, 2004), pp. 7526–29. 18. H. , “DNA Sequence and Comparative Analysis of Chimpanzee Chromosome 22,” Nature 429, no. 6990 (May 27, 2004), pp. 382–88; The Chimpanzee Sequencing and Analysis Consortium, “Initial Sequence of the Chimpanzee Genome and Comparison with the Human Genome,” Nature 437 (September 1, 2005), pp. 69–87. 19. M. C. King and A. C. Wilson, “Evolution at Two Levels in Humans and Chimpanzees,” Science 188, no.