By Lawrence C. Becker
What might stoic ethics be like this day if stoicism had survived as a scientific method of moral conception, if it had coped effectively with the demanding situations of recent philosophy and experimental technological know-how? a brand new Stoicism proposes a solution to that query, provided from in the stoic culture yet with out the metaphysical and mental assumptions that smooth philosophy and technology have deserted. Lawrence Becker argues secular model of the stoic moral venture, in keeping with modern cosmology and developmental psychology, offers the foundation for a classy kind of moral naturalism, during which nearly all of the tough doctrines of the traditional Stoics should be essentially restated and defended.
Becker argues, in accordance with the ancients, that advantage is something, now not many; that it, and never happiness, is the correct finish of all job; that it by myself is nice, all different issues being basically rank-ordered relative to one another for the sake of the nice; and that advantage is adequate for happiness. additionally, he rejects the preferred sketch of the stoic as a grave determine, emotionally indifferent and able often of patience, resignation, and dealing with discomfort. on the contrary, he holds that whereas stoic sages may be able to suffer the extremes of human ache, they don't have to sacrifice pleasure to have that skill, and he seeks to show our cognizance from the wide-spread, healing a part of stoic ethical education to a reconsideration of its theoretical foundations.
"From the start to the tip of this compact yet lucid booklet, Becker skillfully brings to existence either the arguments and the intuitive charm of stoicism.... In its necessities [the new stoicism] is recognizable, with its rather astringent rational attraction more advantageous through Becker's targeted and self-disciplined argumentation. Zeno, i think, will be pleased."
-Brad Inwood, Apeiron
"A stimulating dialogue of ethics that's freed from the jejune or overly technical attitudes attribute of a lot present writing at the subject."
-Joseph Shea, n.b.: new from The Reader's Catalog
About the Author
Lawrence C. Becker is William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor within the Humanities and Professor of Philosophy on the collage of William and Mary. he's the writer of numerous books, together with Reciprocity and estate Rights: Philosophic Foundations. he's the coeditor, with Charlotte B. Becker, of the Encyclopedia of Ethics.
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Additional resources for A New Stoicism
God and world-order]. (270) B. 1077, part) For he [Chrysippus] says that divine power resides in reason and in the mind and intellect of universal nature. He says that god is the world itself, and the universal pervasiveness of its mind; also that he is the world’s own commanding-faculty, since he is located in intellect and reason; that he is the common nature of things, universal and all-embracing; also the force of fate and the necessity of future events. In addition he is ﬁre; and the aether of which I spoke earlier; also things in a natural state of ﬂux and mobility, like water, earth, air, sun, moon and stars; and the all-embracing whole; and even those men who have attained immortality.
Requirements often constrain or even frustrate the pursuit of a goal. Indifference. The indifference operator is interpreted as a logical remainder. To say that it is a matter of indifference whether an agent does X is to say that her doing X is neither advisable nor inadvisable, neither required nor prohibited. There are important and interesting logical relationships between these normative operators and the various sorts of imperatives, endorsements, recommendations, exclamations, and other speech acts typical of ethical discourse.
For example, in general we suppose that requirements take priority over conﬂicting oughts, and that indifference yields to either. Second, we resolve conﬂicts among requirements, or among oughts or indifferences, in terms of ordinal relations of inclusiveness and dominance that are constructable from them. Third, we get closure on any remaining conﬂicts among norms of the same rank by constructing normative propositions (moral ones) that represent forced choices. N OR M AT I V E C ON S T RU C T S 39 Normative Constructs Certain constellations of facts, necessities, and possibilities license the construction of normative propositions.