By Toby Seddon
'A heritage of gear' info the historical past of the connection among medications and freedom over the past 2 hundred years; therefore stressful and unravelling the 'naturalness' of the 'drug question', because it strains the a number of and heterogeneous strains of improvement out of which it's been assembled. advent : medicinal drugs, freedom and liberalism -- A conceptual map : freedom, the "will" and dependancy -- Opium, legislation and classical liberalism : the drugstore act 1868 -- medications, prohibition and welfarism : the damaging medicinal drugs act 1920 -- medications, danger and neo-liberalism : the medicine act 2005 -- medications as a law and governance challenge -- Conclusions : medicines and freedom within the liberal age
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Additional info for A history of drugs : drugs and freedom in the liberal age
Scope and coverage Alcohol and habitual drunkenness 3. Governmental role Limited encouragement of temperance Addiction as a type of ‘defect’ or abnormality of character Extended to non-therapeutic use of opium, opiates and cocaine Normalization Further extended to many other forms of habitual consumption Risk management Freedom–will–addiction In the previous section, and with some difﬁculty, I attempted to keep separate my analysis of these three concepts of freedom, the ‘will’ and addiction. Such a separation is in fact rather artiﬁcial as they are so closely bound up together.
In other words, the new notion that it was a medical condition co-existed with the older idea that it was a moral failing: Addiction was disease and vice; it was ‘moral bankruptcy’, ‘disease of the will’, ‘a form of moral insanity’ … This continuing moral component ensured a disease theory which was individually oriented, where the addict was responsible, through volition, for his own condition. Addiction was ‘medicalised’, but failure to achieve a cure was a failure of self control, not medical science.
In the second half of the eighteenth century, a new meaning of freedom began to emerge, one that we would for the ﬁrst time recognize clearly today – freedom as the ‘ability to master one’s own fate’ (see Bauman, 1988: 7). This modern notion of freedom was closely bound up with the birth of modern industrial capitalism. As Bauman (1988: 7) observes, it is a concept tethered to ‘life conditions in the capitalist society’ (1988: 7) and indeed only made possible by the advent of such a society. This is a critical point.