Download e-book for kindle: A history of drugs : drugs and freedom in the liberal age by Toby Seddon

By Toby Seddon

'A heritage of gear' info the historical past of the connection among medications and freedom over the past 2 hundred years; therefore stressful and unravelling the 'naturalness' of the 'drug question', because it strains the a number of and heterogeneous strains of improvement out of which it's been assembled. advent : medicinal drugs, freedom and liberalism -- A conceptual map : freedom, the "will" and dependancy -- Opium, legislation and classical liberalism : the drugstore act 1868 -- medications, prohibition and welfarism : the damaging medicinal drugs act 1920 -- medications, danger and neo-liberalism : the medicine act 2005 -- medications as a law and governance challenge -- Conclusions : medicines and freedom within the liberal age

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Scope and coverage Alcohol and habitual drunkenness 3. Governmental role Limited encouragement of temperance Addiction as a type of ‘defect’ or abnormality of character Extended to non-therapeutic use of opium, opiates and cocaine Normalization Further extended to many other forms of habitual consumption Risk management Freedom–will–addiction In the previous section, and with some difficulty, I attempted to keep separate my analysis of these three concepts of freedom, the ‘will’ and addiction. Such a separation is in fact rather artificial as they are so closely bound up together.

In other words, the new notion that it was a medical condition co-existed with the older idea that it was a moral failing: Addiction was disease and vice; it was ‘moral bankruptcy’, ‘disease of the will’, ‘a form of moral insanity’ … This continuing moral component ensured a disease theory which was individually oriented, where the addict was responsible, through volition, for his own condition. Addiction was ‘medicalised’, but failure to achieve a cure was a failure of self control, not medical science.

In the second half of the eighteenth century, a new meaning of freedom began to emerge, one that we would for the first time recognize clearly today – freedom as the ‘ability to master one’s own fate’ (see Bauman, 1988: 7). This modern notion of freedom was closely bound up with the birth of modern industrial capitalism. As Bauman (1988: 7) observes, it is a concept tethered to ‘life conditions in the capitalist society’ (1988: 7) and indeed only made possible by the advent of such a society. This is a critical point.

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