By Justine Burley, John Harris
The finishing touch of the human genome undertaking in 2000 dramatically emphasised the upcoming luck of the genetic revolution. the moral and social effects of this clinical improvement are tremendous. From human copy to life-extending cures, from the effect on gender and race to public healthiness and public security, there's scarcely part of our lives left unaffected by means of the impression of the hot genetics. A spouse to Genethics is the 1st vast research of the multifaceted dimensions of the genetic revolution and its philosophical, moral, social, and political importance. It brings jointly the simplest and so much influential modern writing approximately genethics. Newly commissioned essays from renowned figures within the present debate supply a wide-ranging and interesting scholarly research of all of the matters that come up from this explosive technology.
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Extra info for A Companion to Genethics
I shall then indicate which ethical aspects of gene therapy trials require further attention, and why. 18 gene therapy for neurological disorders A (re)Definition of what Human Gene Therapy is About Gene therapy is the use of nucleic acids as drugs (Kay et al. 2001). Thus, as for any drug, its application will be mainly restricted to therapeutic uses. Four categories or types of gene therapy have been defined: (i) somatic gene therapy, (ii) somatic genetic enhancement, (iii) germline gene therapy, and (iv) germline genetic enhancement (Anderson 1985 and 1989; Wivel and Walters 1993; reviewed in Walters and Palmer 1997).
And Lowenstein, P. '' Nature Medicine 5 (1999), 1256±63. Dyer, A. '' Experimental Neurology 144 (1997), 168±72. '' Immunity 15(1) (2001), 1±4. : Gene Therapy: Fact and Fiction. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, 1983. '' Science 244 (1989), 1275±81. '' Nature Medicine 2 (1996), 144±7. Friedmann, T. '' Science 175 (1972), 949±55. '' Bioethics 7 (1993), 178±87. : Clones, Genes, and Immortality: Ethics and the Genetic Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. : Genethics: Moral Issues in the Creation of People.
In the first half of this chapter I will describe the cloning procedures as they are at present, including the clear limitations, before discussing some ways in which they may develop and other avenues of research. In the second section, the possible applications and their ethical implications will be considered. Nuclear Transfer at Present Two cells are involved in nuclear transfer: a recipient and a donor cell to control development (for a detailed description see Campbell et al. 1996). In most cases the recipient cell is an egg, an oocyte, recovered from a donor female shortly after it is shed by the ovary at the time when mating would normally occur.